NOAA recently released its annual Arctic Report Card. The 2018 report is based off research from 81 scientists from 12 nations.
This year's report is quite sobering once again. Here are some of the highlights, or in this case the lowlights.
--The Arctic experienced its second warmest temperatures in recorded history.
--The Arctic is warming at twice the rate as the rest of the world.
--Arctic air temperatures for the past five years have exceeded all previous records since 1900.
--Arctic sea ice coverage was the second lowest on record.
--Winter ice in the Bering Sea was the lowest on record.
--The 12 lowest Arctic sea ice extents in the satellite record (going back to 1979) have all occurred in the last 12 years.
--Atmospheric warming continues to drive expansion and greening of Arctic tundra vegetation.
--Harmful toxic algal blooms are expanding in the Arctic Ocean.
--The population of caribou and wild reindeer have dropped by near 50 percent across the Arctic tundra over the past 20 years.
NOAA also released a short video about the report with interesting graphics and animations. Video courtesy NOAA and YouTube.